His tormenters taunted him after failed attempts at freedom, calling him Houdini.

Monkey 44D was one of 10 in another barbaric experiment at the University of Florida. By shining a laser into an eye to temporarily invoke the higher pressure with heat, they then measured the eye’s recovery over time. It eventually blinded little 44D and caused cataracts. After almost a decade of painful laser injuries to his eyes, 44D was then murdered and his eyes were extracted for further study.

Monkey 44D was tortured daily. Shortly after his arrival from a Puerto Rican “monkey mill,” his left leg and right side of his head were shaved for easy access for injections and eye exams. For one of several studies 44D was used for, his daily routine consisted of being compressed in his tiny cage, injected with Ketamine and transported to another UF building. Sometimes the 3 pound primate was just “knocked down” with the Ketamine before having his eye sockets forced open with clamps for study. Many other times he was intubated for anesthesia and put on a respirator. His day may also include being catheterized (penis/urethra) just to avoid messy urine getting in the way. Prior to examinations, 44D endured humiliating rectal swabbing.

Then the experiment begins with a laser beam in his eye. After an hour of constantly measuring 44D’s eye to see how long it took to return to “normal”, he was left to recover on the table before transporting back to his box sized cage.

The veterinary records show an inconceivable amount of Ketamine was given to this fragile little being. Its recorded that during each examination 44D was re-dosed with more Ketamine “as needed.” As noted in his records, 44D received a total of more than 2.5 GALLONS of Ketamine in his fourth year of one experiment.

44D wanted a life free of torture and pain. Free of herpes lesions, chronic diarrhea, amputated fingers, broken toes and countless other painful injuries recorded in his records. He risked escape twice by unlocking his own cage and once bit Gary The Tech. Finally, in his seventh year of being used, 44D was pronounced clinically blind with cataracts and lived on another 3 years suffering through random exams, before his death and eye extractions.

Monkey 44D veterinary records:

by NIO Florida

The state of Georgia wanted to turn an arsenic-poisoned waste site into a little league baseball field so they commissioned the University of Florida to conduct bioavailability studies. Always eager to profit from animal suffering, UF dispatched Raymond J. Bergeron and Stephen Robertsto conduct the torture sessions in which they forcefed monkeys arsenic-poisioned mud. In turn, the state of Georgia was provided with the results they had hoped for which allowed them to go forward with their project. So, now, little Johnny is eating arsenic-laced dirt every time he slides into home plate, compliments of UF.

This abstract published in 2002 explains that Bergeron & Roberts, et al wanted to assess the dangers that toxic dirt might pose for humans. In order to properly poison five Capuchins, they collected arsenic-contaminated soil from five sites in Florida: an electrical substation, a wood preservative treatment site, two pesticide sites, and a cattle-dip vat site. The corresponding documents obtained from UF elucidate the monkeys’ harrowing ordeal.

Vet records indicate that the five monkeys were sedated and extracted from their cages in the usual manner. The false back would have been used to squeeze each terrified prisoner up against the front of his cell and two gloved attackers would have subdued their struggling victim so that he could be “knocked down” with Ketamine. Each was then put in a box cage that is about the size of a kitchen stove. Records indicate that their urine, feces, and blood were collected for analysis.

A source inside UF explains what the vet records and IACUC protocols reveal:

On “drug day,” all of the monkeys were sedated and blood was drawn again for baseline analysis. These cages also have false rears and the monkeys were again squeezed stressfully to the front for sedation. All of the monkeys were sedated. The effects wear off within 15-20 minutes, so the tech would have had to work quickly. One of the monkeys was given a non-toxic level of sodium arsenate solution via IV injection. Another was forcefed dirt with arsenic. Forcefeeding (euphemistically termed “oral gavage”) consists of an infant oral feeding tube attached to a syringe. The tube is passed down the throat and when it is in the stomach, the syringe is depressed, injecting the mud into the stomach. The injected dirt had a known amount of arsenic in it. In the same way, water with the same amount of arsenic was forcefed to the third monkey. A fourth monkey was forcefed mud as well, but without any arsenic in it. The fifth monkey was given only water. The monkeys were then returned to their cages to recover.

Records indicate that the dirt-fed monkeys vomited frequently when coming out of sedation. This would have ruined the study and it would, therefore, have had to be repeated. This happened so often that eventually the calculated amount of arsenic given was adjusted based upon how much was actually kept down, rather than the total amount originally dosed. An anti-emetic was also injected to keep the monkeys from being nauseous (a normal side effect of the sedation drugs – even without a belly full of toxic mud).

 At the end of the study, the animals were sedated a final time and returned to their metal cages. Vet records indicate that they continued to be subjected to Bergeron’s iron chelation torture experiments.

Previously released records:

The 17-year ordeal of Monkey 2A4

Louis: an odyssey of pain

In August of 2010, we learned about a monkey named Louis. A lab tech pleaded with UF to release him to a sanctuary and stop his suffering. While the lab tech was on vacation, Louis was murdered and incinerated on July 9, 2010. UF wanted to ensure that the world would never see his deteriorated condition or know his story. In October of 2010, NIO’s campaign against UF commenced. Now we know that Louis was allowed to languish in torment with a broken hip and never given any pain relief. His records document callous neglect, violations of the law, and incompetence. In death, Louis has a voice.

macaque suffers silently in his prison

by NIO Florida

Complete Veterinary Record for “Louis” (2008 – 2010)

Roberts – Primate Louis – Part I

Roberts – Primate Louis – Part II

His Agonizing Incarceration & Death

Louis was a long-tailed macaque bred by Alpha Genesis for a life of torment. On February 25, 2008, this 5-year old and five other monkeys were sold to the University of Florida. Louis was delivered into the hands of Vivisector Stephen Roberts where, upon his incarceration in the dungeon, he immediately developed chronic anorexia and suffered from chronic vomiting.

We know from the University’s own records that on July 9, 2009 their vet determined that Louis had a severely injured bone — the femoral head — and was in tremendous pain. His leg was not attached to the joint!!! One must understand that this precise injury in humans would demand heavy pain medication as well as hip replacement surgery. Yet little Louis, with his bones grinding against each other, received no relief whatsoever and was made to suffer and deteriorate for another full year.

The femoral head is the upper part of the thigh bone that fits into the hip socket.

According to our UF source:

“Most traumatically, the femoral head from his right leg had deteriorated to the point where it was missing(!) This must have caused him excruciating pain. They knew about his severely injured bone since 7/9/09 – a full year before he was euthanized and he was never treated for the pain. The comment on his record at 7/9/09 was ‘Rads also revealed absence of femoral head on (r) leg w/ high degree of instability.’ ‘Instability’ means that the leg was not fully attached at the joint. Imagine trying to walk with deteriorated bone grinding against deteriorated bone during every step… it probably happened prior to his arrival at the lab as the degradation to the bone was very advanced. It’s very likely that the chronic pain from his hip was the stress that caused his continual upset stomach/gut, vomiting, and poor appetite/weight loss. They kept testing for parasites as a cause, but he was always negative. He should have been euthanized immediately upon discovery of his leg issue, or at least had his leg amputated, as would have been done for a pet.”

They waited a full year.

“They seem to have been put him in metabolic cages during the studies, similar to what Bergeron did. These cages are designed to allow for the collection of urine and feces to study drug metabolism. It seems that even though Louis wasn’t used nearly as much in experiments, he was put in the same room with his friends to reduce the anxiety of separation from the colony. Of course, that meant stressfully drugging him for each room transfer…

They keep commenting on how he’s quiet compared to others and doesn’t eat enough, but that seems to be normal for him. Well, YEAH – he’s in pain!

The only consequence of Louis’ agony for the vivisecting sadists appears in a rather chilling entry on the vet records dated April 26, 2010: “…Long term, this monkey has been unable to be used…”

A funeral for Louis and the other victims of UF’s primate experimentation program will be held outside Emerson Hall on Saturday evening, February 4, as alumni gather to celebrate the “Gator Gala.”


The University of Florida wants desperately to shut down this campaign. They need to silence their victims. We have been involved in ongoing litigation for about two years and are constantly being hit with more obstacles. If you support our work, please consider contributing to our efforts to fight for the monkeys entombed inside UF. Gifts may be sent through Paypal to

The University of Florida fought for 14 months to keep these and thousands of other documents out of the hands of the public. Subsequent to winning our lawsuit, they were delivered to us on January 4, 2012. Please note that all of the cruelty and torture documented below is in full compliance with the “strict guidelines” with which animal abuse is enforced and regulated by the Animal Welfare Act. Following are the secrets they don’t want you to know…

cover page - click to enlarge

by NIO Florida

Complete Veterinary Records for Monkey 2A4 (1992 – 2009)

Bergeron – Monkey 2A4 -Part I

Bergeron – Monkey 2A4 -Part II

Bergeron – Monkey 2A4 -Part III

The Tragic & Horrifying Life of Monkey 2A4

The initial record confirms that 2A4 and nine other male monkeys were trapped in the jungles of Guyana in 1992, probably as babies (their mothers most likely murdered in front of them), and ripped from their homes and families. Terrified, bewildered, and disoriented, they were shipped to the US. We were unable to confirm which airline was responsible. The tragic fate of little 2A4 was then sealed when he, along with his nine comrades, were sold by Charles River to Vivisector Raymond J. Bergeron at the University of Florida.

veterinary records indicate "subject is in good condition."

A UF lab insider describes how these monkeys are then driven insane:

[The monkeys are imprisoned in individual] cages as males would kill each other if housed together. Removed from their normal very social dynamic, the isolation makes them insane. I mean that literally. They are no longer normal monkeys as found in the wild. Most of these animals have been bred for this purpose (it’s cheaper), although some of the older ones were wild caught. I’m not sure which is worse. They’re given mirrors on the walls so they can see each other and dog toys to play with. This species (Cebus apella) is about the size of a skinny cat. It’s the “organ grinder” monkey, also called the capuchin monkey. The cages are about 2.5′ square. They have a false back in them that are attached to handles on the front. The researcher pulls the handles forcefully towards them, squeezing the monkey up against the front of the cage so that the anesthesia can be given. Monkeys are smart. They know how to evade all attempts to force them to do anything, especially after years of the same treatment. They learn how to fight back. That’s why this method of restraint is so stressful. They fight back so well, that you have to try again and again to get them pinned just right so you can get the needle into the thigh quickly. It’s always a two person job and never easy or unstressful.

This records confirm that 2A4 was the subject of an iron chelation study: he was injected with an overload of iron that would compromise him for the duration of his life in order to test “chelating agents” or drugs that are intended to remove excess iron in humans. As we noted previously, a major Health Science Center’s benefactor suffered and died from Hemochromatosis, a disease where too much iron is absorbed. It is reasonable, therefore, to conclude that the human symptoms of this disease were perpetually induced in 2A4 throughout his terrifying imprisonment: abdominal pain, fatigue, joint pain, lack of energy, loss of body hair, weight loss, and weakness.

imprisoned primate endures tuberculin test

The vet records also reveal that, after 24A was wrenched from his squeeze cage, he was subjected to regular tuberculin tests that were injected into his eyelids. This is normal procedure to ensure that tuberculosis isn’t present. That disease will decimate an entire primate facility very quickly.

The legally-required documentation of the controlled substances used (Ketamine, Telazol) and other vet procedures illustrates the horryifying regimens to which 2A4 was subjected for 17 years. He was routinely “knocked down,” dragged from his cage, experimented on, thrown back in his cage, and left alone to languish until his tormentors returned. When moved within the Communicore Building, his tiny body would probably have been carried by hand from room to room to conduct invasive assaults on his fragile body because they are basically taking them down the hall to different rooms. This is generally done by holding their biceps behind their backs with both hands and holding the monkeys well away form the body in case they start to wake up. These leaked floor plans will allow one to chart how he was (and other nonhuman inmates are) transported unconscious through the underground animal prison labyrinths.

Finally, after 17 years of torment, 2A4 died at the gloved hands of one of his terrorists in 2009. There are two likely reasons for his death.

gloved hands torture capuchin

One reason may be that while he was fighting to escape his attackers, the anesthesia may have been injected into a vein, artery, or lung. Our UF insider explains:

“The anesthesia drugs are supposed to be delivered IM (intra-muscular) and an accidental IV injection would be fatal because it would go immediately to the brain and stop the heart instead of slowly being released over time from the muscle tissue. In normal injections, one pulls back on the syringe plunger a little first and if you see blood, you know you hit a vein and you would then withdraw and restick to be sure you hit muscle. Unfortunately, the monkeys are struggling against the restraint and squirming so much that you take your chances and go ahead and inject quickly if you are in the muscle area – and hope you don’t hit a vein. This also means you frequently hit bone (VERY painful) and nerves by accident too.”

The second possibility relates to the fact that 2A4 was made into a drug addict. Because these monkeys are “knocked down” so frequently, they become drug addicts and develop a resistance to the drugs used to subdue them:

“The larger and larger doses become more and more dangerous as the window between effective sedation and overdose becomes more and more narrow. This also lends itself to causing impatience in the technician who goes a bit overboard in trying to get the job done and the animal is continuing to fight to maintain consciousness. The monkeys must be drugged because they are extremely dangerous if handled any other way. Despite their small size, they can easily bite your finger off and cause sever damage to any other part of your body they get hold of (they will often go for your face).”

Again, the 17-year long incarceration of 2A4, his life of torture and murder at the hands of his tormentors, was regulated by and in full compliance with the strict guidelines of the Animal Welfare Act.

Image from inside UF secured through first legal victory

Image from inside UF secured through first lawsuit victory

by Camille Marino

The University of Florida has refused to disclose public records documenting their experiments on primates since our request was initiated in October 2010. In response to a subsequent formal lawsuit that we filed, on Decmber 30, 2011, the Court ruled that the university must hand over the records to us by 4:22 pm on January 3, 2012.

This is our first small, but very significant, victory of the new year….

Continue Reading

UF Public Relations Director Janine Sikes

by NIO Florida

In response to the systematic blackening of all transparency in conjunction with a stonewall of silence constructed by the animal-murdering administration at the University of Florida over the last year and a half, we decided that it is time to take the facts directly to the global network of their Alumni Association… the “Gator Nation.” Upon initiating this prong of the campaign several weeks ago, an ally within the administration forwarded to us a letter from Public Relations Shill Janine Sikes that was immediately sent to Gator Clubs warning of NIO extremists.

After an intensified round of “Seasons Greetings” calls from activists to the Executive Director of the Alumni Association as well as other key targets this afternoon, we learned that there is a bit of “unrest” within UF about having their crimes against animals,untruths, and the seemingly-fraudulent grants filling their coffers exposed to their benefactors. Because of the current atmosphere at the university as well as the fact that we will be in a position to document and refute a number of Sike’s deliberate inaccuracies shortly, our comrade has now given us permission to publish the letter that follows below.

We tried to reach Sikes for comment today but she’s enjoying a relaxing Christmas vacation paid for with the blood of enslaved and tortured animals. Merry Christmas, Janine… there’s much more where this came from.

It’s been a long and arduous battle thus far…. And, as long as UF continues to wage war on their laboratory victims, this campaign is about to get a whole lot more personal…


“E6993” – Victim of UF Animal Torture Student

Posted by Advocate for Saving Dogs

Every year, millions of animals in need of sanctuary enter animal shelters across the country. While many are lucky enough to find new homes, hundreds become victims of pound seizure, as they are purchased by class B dealers who then sell the animals at an enormous profit to research and education facilities, where they are used in invasive and oftentimes painful experimental procedures.

Such was the case with Cruella, a shepherd cross who was found in Carson City, Michigan, wearing a purple collar and chain, indicating that she was once someone’s companion animal. Considered a stray at the time, Cruella was housed in pen 20 at Montcalm County Animal Control until she was relinquished to R&R Research, a class B animal dealer, and became known simply as E6993. She remained at R&R for 6 months, likely spending most of her time alone, confined in a cage with limited human companionship.

Later, traveling well over 1,000 miles with 13 other dogs, E6993 was sold to the University of Florida, where veterinary students named her Cruella. While there, over a period of 7 months, she was sedated or anesetized 7 times, often for hours at a time, and used in medical training procedures, including endoscopy, abdominal surgery, and ultrasound exercises, by both veterinary students and veterinarians. Cruella also underwent surgery with the intention to spay her, but it was discovered, after her abdominal cavity was opened, that she was already spayed, further pointing to the fact that she was once someone’s pet. During her last month at the University, Cruella twice experienced a lack of appetite; however, reportedly, she would eat handfuls of canned food. Whether this was the result of kennel stress after months of isolation and exploitation or the physical toll of enduring multiple sedations and veterinary procedures is unknown, but it is certainly likely.

On July 23, 2008, 195 days after her arrival at the University of Florida and over a year after she was found in Michigan, Cruella was killed via lethal injection.